The ten FSC Principles require the forest owner or manager to do the following:
Compliance with laws and FSC Principles – to comply with all laws, regulations, treaties, conventions and agreements, together with all FSC Principles and Criteria.
Tenure and use rights and responsibilities – to define, document and legally establish long-term tenure and use rights.
Indigenous peoples’ rights – to identify and uphold indigenous peoples’ rights of ownership and use of land and resources.
Community relations and worker's rights – to maintain or enhance forest workers' and local communities’ social and economic well-being.
Benefits from the forest – to maintain or enhance long term economic, social and environmental benefits from the forest.
Environmental impact – to maintain or restore the ecosystem, its biodiversity, resources and landscapes.
Management plan – to have a management plan, implemented, monitored and documented.
Monitoring and assessment – to demonstrate progress towards management objectives.
Maintenance of high conservation value forests – to maintain or enhance the attributes which define such forests.
Plantations – to plan and manage plantations in accordance with FSC Principles and Criteria.