On both occasions, Klabin’s stringent environmental requirements – which align 100% with FSC requirements – saw operations halt entirely until the cubs’ mothers returned to collect them.
Klabin is Brazil’s largest manufacturer of pulp and paper products, and its forests stretch through three states: Paraná, Santa Catarina to the south of Paraná, and Sao Paulo to the north. Brazilian legislation requires that the company set aside 20% as preserved forest, but Klabin exceeds that, with well over 100%.
Klabin’s largest forests are in Paraná, where 141,000 ha of a total of 345,000 ha is preserved forests. Here, the forests are habitats to about half of the state’s animal species; it teems with more than 750 animal species and 1,129 plant species.
It’s an important commercial tool for the company, differentiating it from players that do not adhere to sustainable practices.
FSC’s requirements stipulates that as part of pre-harvest activities, sites and areas of reproduction for rare animals and animals under threat of extinction are identified, and steps taken to protect them. This is the way that Klabin manages its forests and it’s something that its people are very proud of. They know that what sustains the puma’s habitat is simply the visible part of the iceberg of the forestry principles that it applies in its operations.
The first took place in a eucalyptus plantation in Paraná in November 2004. Harvesting was due to begin and scouts went out to scan the area to ensure that everything was in order. They found two cubs, barely a month old, hidden in a den. Their mother was away, probably looking for food. As cubs are born blind, they are completely dependent on their mothers at first.
Harvesting was immediately suspended and the crew withdrew from the area.
This is important: even though female pumas are fiercely protective of their young, , there is a chance that the mother will abandon her young if she smells humans. Two days later, the mother returned and took her cubs into the forest.
The second incident took place exactly a year later, this time in a pine plantation. Again, two cubs, less than a month old, were found. Again, all harvesting operations were suspended. And after three days, the mother came back to the nest and collected her cubs.
Pumas are at the top of the food chain and need a large, quiet habitat for hunting and survival. That they are breeding in Klabin’s forests, allowing the species to thrive, is a clear sign of a healthy environment. Finding a balance between commercial activity and conservation is the foremost goal for Klabin. And the story of the pumas showcases how humans and nature can co-exist.
Keeping up with all the latest information about forest management and certification can be difficult. That’s why we collect it for you in our newsroom. The newsroom is where you’ll find news from FSC, as well as information about developments in the wider forestry industry. It’s also home to The Root of the Matter, the monthly blog from FSC Director General Kim Carstensen.