FSC International – Forests for All Forever

Facts & Figures

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Rewarding the preservation of ecosystem services
Forest managers can use the ecosystem services procedure to improve their access to ecosystem services markets

© FSC GD - Milan Reska

Forest managers can follow the seven steps of the Ecosystem Services Procedure to demonstrate the conservation or restoration of ecosystem services. Once these impacts are verified by an FSC-accredited certification body, the forest manager can use ecosystem services claims to promote the forest and attract rewards according to their own business model or plan.

This is a resource page to forest managers, offering guidance, examples and stories from others that have used the Ecosystem Services. FSC will add to the content over time.


The ecosystem services procedure has been pilot tested at over a dozen sites in eight countries. During the pilot testing, forest managers provided evidence of impacts, which was assessed by FSC-accredited certification bodies according to the rules of the procedure. The following sites have had positive impacts on ecosystem services verified during pilot testing (click on the green text to read the Ecosystem Services Certification Document (ESCD) of the site). These sites were assessed according to different versions of the draft ecosystem services procedure. All sites will have to be re-assessed against the final approved version of the procedure:

Pilot site

Ecosystem Service

Approved Ecosystem Services Claim

Pt Ratah Timber, Indonesia 

Carbon sequestration and storage

On this forest, carbon is maintained through reduced impact logging.

Biodiversity conservation

On this forest, the diversity of terrestrial mammal and bird species is maintained.

Lombok, Indonesia

Watershed services

On this FSC-certified forest, water has been protected through the maintenance of forest cover.

Comunidad Nativa Bélgica, Peru

Biodiversity conservation

On this FSC-certified forest, forest cover is being maintained and native species diversity is being conserved.

Huong Son, Vietnam

Carbon sequestration and storage

An FSC-accredited certification body [GFA Certification] has verified that forest carbon stocks are being maintained on this FSC-certified forest.

Cuenca Río Mechaico - Vieille, Chile

Watershed services

On this FSC-certified forest, watershed services are being restored through the implementation of enhancement measures aimed at improving water quality.

Bosques Cautín, Chile

Biodiversity conservation

On this FSC-certified forest, medicinal plants are being maintained for traditional use by Mapuche Indigenous Peoples.

Contact Information 

For more information on using FSC ecosystem services tools, please contact Chris Henschel, FSC International, Programme Manager (Ecosystem Services), c.henschel@fsc.org

Downloads / Links

Video: FSC Ecosytsems

  • FSC Carbon monitoring tool
    FSC Carbon monitoring tool
  • Template Ecosystem Services Certification Document
    Template Ecosystem Services Certification Document
  • FSC-GUI-30-006 (V1-0) Guidance for Demonstrating Ecosystem Services Impacts
    FSC-GUI-30-006 (V1-0) Guidance for Demonstrating Ecosystem Services Impacts